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Abuta Herb Health Benefits

Abuta (Cissampelos pareira) is an herb.It can be described as a woody, climbing rainforest vine with leaves up to 30 cm long. It produces inedible, dark, grape-sized berries. It belongs to the genus Cissampelos, of which thirty to forty species are represented in the tropics.

 

Abuta vine is blackish-brown and tough; when freshly cut it has a waxy lustre. People use the root, bark, and other parts that grow above the ground as medicine. Abuta is used in South America to prevent a threatened miscarriage and to stop uterine haemorrhages after childbirth.

 

Also known as Laghupatha, it is an important medicinal plant in Indian traditional system of medicine and is widely used in many countries by different tribes.

 

People use abuta medicinally for a wide range of conditions. It is used for digestion problems including diarrhoea, dysentery, colic, upset stomach, and stomach-ache; for respiratory tract problems including colds, cough, bronchitis, and asthma; for skin problems including acne, wounds, boils, burns, sores, itching, and a severe rash with fever and vomiting caused by strep bacteria (erysipelas).

 

In North American herbal medicine, abuta is used for many of the same conditions as in South America as well as for inflammation of the testicles and minor kidney problems.

 

The main chemicals in abuta are alkaloids, arachidic acid, bebeerine, berberine, bulbocapnine, cissamine, cissampareine, corytuberine, curine, 4-methylcurine, cyclanoline, cycleanine, dicentrine, dehydrodicentrine, dimethyltetrandrinium, essential oil, grandirubrine, hayatine, hayatinine, insularine among others.

 

Since the late 1960s, these chemicals have received a great deal of attention and research.

 

Out of thirty-eight alkaloids thus far discovered in abuta, one, called tetrandrine, is the most well documented. Clinical research over the years has found tetrandrine to have pain-relieving, anti-inflammatory, and fever-reducing properties.

 

It acts as an analgesic (relieves pain), anti-arthritic, antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, antihistamine, antioxidant, antispasmodic, cardio-tonic, diuretic, hepatoprotective (liver protector), hypotensive (lowers blood pressure), muscle relaxant, uterine relaxant.

Abuta is sold either in capsules or as a liquid extract.

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